Attentional resources: how to free them up in order to automate technical gestures
Technical training methodology for Youth Academy
- MAINTAINED (fundamental to keep the attention focused on the ball during the game).
- DISTRIBUTED (necessary to understand possible game evolutions while keeping an eye on the most part of the perceptual field).
- SELECTIVE (to classify which stimuli to prioritize above the others in order to choose how to solve a situation).
- FOCUSED (to focus the attention as effectively as possible on a particular choice) - "SPECIFIC VISUAL FOCUS"
|ANALYTICAL DRILL (1)||⇒||COMPLEX DRILL (2)||⇒||INTEGRATED DRILL (3)|
|(es. TECHNICAL GESTURE)||(es. APPLIED TACTICS)||es. THEMED TRAINING GAME|
- In a didactic progression, it is important (in the beginning) to teach basic motor skills in order to automate fundamental technical and coordinative abilities. This can be done through 3 main routes:
- Perform the movement
- Observe the correct movement performed by others
- Focus the attention on known motor skills
- One learned and automated a technical motor skill, the coach can enrich players' wealth of knowledge by adding variations and external stimuli, creating specific more complex drills that involve SAS.
- Lastly, the educational path must be integrated with elements and drills that are closer to the game. Players should learn through realistic conditions.
Sources: "L'essenza del calcio" by Davide Brunello, Notiziario del Settore Tecnico, 2012.